What Factors Affect Changes In Exchange Rates?

The forex is particularly determined by supply and demand. The exchange rate largely depends on them. This is particularly dramatic when, for example, fund companies, banks or entire countries carry out large enough trades in one go. Then the price can suddenly rise suddenly or drop just as suddenly.

Foreign exchange rates are of great importance for all traders in the forex market. So it is important to know the factors that make an impact on the exchange rate.

What influences Foreign Exchange Rate?

The developments in the market. This can be read on a so-called chart. It shows the price trends graphically in a line chart. Brokers like Pepperstone (read Pepperstone broker review) need such charts for their work. You can use them to read the exchange rates and use them as the basis for your future forecast. The finance experts try to read trends in the chart analysis.

Political decisions or elections. The influence of elections can currently be seen very well in the US dollar. Since Donald Trump’s election in November, the dollar has lost value steadily against the euro. In addition, since Trump’s election as president, Mexico has had to throw hundreds of millions of dollars in the market to counter the fall in the price of the peso, fueled by protectionist tones. Fortunately, from Mexico’s perspective, this was possible thanks to large currency reserves.

International crises. In contrast, the consequences of the nuclear dispute with North Korea remained unexpected. While foreign trade and foreign investment declined sharply, the South Korean Wong was relatively unimpressed.

Events in the economy. If, for example, a change occurs at the top of large automobile manufacturers, technology or energy groups, this can also affect the exchange rate if the company is large enough. But the publication of annual figures for important companies can also have a major impact. The change in price can first be seen in the leading indices of the shares.

Natural disasters. Natural disasters and environmental events can also have a significant impact on the currency market. When hurricane Irma headed for Florida, the dollar reacted immediately. Investors feared high losses from the storm, with insurers currently facing $ 40 billion in costs. But when the storm lost strength, the dollar regained strength.
Consumer climate and trade index. Both economic indicators make it possible to forecast the near future economic future of a country. This in turn is decisive for the strength of its currency.

Commodity / oil prices. Commodity prices in general and in particular the prices of crude oil and natural gas also play an outstanding role for the foreign exchange market.

Capital movements. In the case of capital flows, the proportion of underlying real economic transactions has fallen to up to 10%. The lion’s share is speculation. As a result, the stock exchanges are also price drivers. Here, however, it is true that a weak stock market leads to rising prices because investors are fleeing into fixed-income alternatives. It is therefore worth taking a look at the most important stock markets with regard to forex trading.

Monetary policy. The currency policies of individual countries can also lead to price movements that are difficult to predict. In addition to Mexico, Russia and China have recently had to throw large amounts of US securities on the market to strengthen their currencies. While it may be predictable that these steps would be necessary, the exact timing is difficult to estimate.


The list could go on and on. The slightest tremor can upset the markets and start huge flows of capital. Sometimes you expect them and then they stay away. The forex market is very complex and certainly not for beginners. On the one hand there are quick and high winnings, on the other hand the tide can turn quickly and everything is lost. It is therefore advisable to deal with the matter in detail beforehand before engaging in forex trading on the forex market .